How to make sport more accessible to people with disabilities? A study in Ille-et-Vilaine

Ille-et-Vilaine is participating in a national study to identify the needs and expectations of people with disabilities who live at home and who wish to practice physical and sporting activities.

Sports structures too far away, difficult to access for people with reduced mobility, unsuitable equipment, problems with signage, lighting, finances, fear of injury, poor self-esteem, lack of motivation and information. There are still many obstacles preventing people with disabilities from taking up the practice of a sport or a sporting activity, even if the place of parasports has progressed well over the past two decades.

Only 5.5% of people with disabilities play sports

According to ANESTAPS (National Association of Students in Science and Techniques of Physical and Sports Activities), only 5.5% of disabled people practice an activity in a club, compared to 22.5% of “abled”. So, how to develop para-sport practice and promote inclusion?

The National Federation of Regional Health Observatories (Fnors) and the National Observatory of Physical Activity and Sedentariness (Onaps) are launching a national study to identify the needs and expectations of people with disabilities, as well as the levers to the practice of physical activity and sports. Ille-et-Vilaine is one of the 5 departments selected for the field survey.

The purpose of this survey, which has the support of the Ministry in charge of Sports, the French Paralympic and Sports Committee and the National Sports Agency, is to improve people’s daily lives by proposing solutions that will facilitate the practice of activities physical and athletic.

This investigation is thus opened:

  • To anyone with a disability (mental, psychological, motor, auditory, visual, language disorders, autism, multiple disabilities and multiple disabilities).
  • Between 20 and 59 years old.
  • Living in the departments of Corrèze, Eure, Ille-et-Vilaine, Moselle or Réunion.
  • Not residing in a social or medico-social establishment (people benefiting from home support by medico-social services are concerned by this survey).
  • Whatever his practice of physical activity or sport.

« When it comes to disabled sports, Brittany is very dynamic. There’s a lot going on, rejoices Antoine Laudrin, Brittany referent of the French Paralympic and Sports Committee. But all actors must collaborate more. The sports movements, the world of disability, the medico-social sector, the communities must get in touch, propose common projects. This will have a stronger impact and be more visible on the pitch. »

Fight against self-censorship

On the side of practitioners, one of the most difficult obstacles to overcome would be self-censorship before even accessibility or cost. The results of the study will say more, but already, several online platforms seek to encourage the practice of a sport or a sporting activity adapted according to one’s desire, one’s handicap and one’s place of residence. These include My Club Near Me and Find Your Parasport run by the Paralympic Committee.

Paris 2024 Olympic Games: an accelerator

For a person with a disability in particular, the practice of a sport provides certain advantages: the fight against the harmful effects of a sedentary lifestyle but also of isolation. Just like for a valid subject, self-esteem also naturally increases.

 » The issue of sport for people with disabilities should not be secondary, assures the multi-medal-winning disabled athlete, Marie-Amélie Le Fur, also president of the French Paralympic and Sports Committee. We have [jusqu’à Paris 2024] to change the look, so that para-athletes are no longer seen as disabled people who play sports, but rather as athletes who have a specificity « .

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